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« on: March 05, 2003, 02:44:00 PM »

This article will describe how to replace or make a new drive your main drive and transfer all your data to it, including Windows.

Please Note: This method will only work with Win9x

You will need a Windows Startup Disk (make sure the SYS and FDISK command are on it)

1. Temporally install the new drive as second drive (primary slave, if cdrom connected as primary slave disconnect it, connect the new drive, set the jumper on the new drive to slave)

2. Power on the system and make sure BIOS recognizes the drive. You may have to enter your BIOS setup (<DEL> on most systems) to Auto-Detect the hard drive if the port is not set to AUTO.

3. Then hit F8 right before the Windows logo screen to access the boot menu and select "Safe-Mode Command Prompt"

4. Type 'FDISK' <ENTER> (no quotes)
You should now have option 5 to change which drive you're editing
Select the second drive.
Select option 1 to create a partition, make sure fdisk recognizes the full drive size.
Once the primary partition is created, exit fdisk by hitting <ESC> and reboot

5. Once in Windows, open "My Computer", you should now see the new drive, double click it to make sure you have the correct drive. You should get an error about not being able to read it. Then right click it, select "Format".

6. Important: Once the drive is formatted, reboot.

7. Once back in Windows, hit CTRL-ALT-DEL and "End Task" on everything except "Explorer" and "Systray". Then open an MS-DOS Prompt and copy the files over by typing 'xcopy c:\ d:\ /e/h/k/c' <ENTER> (no quotes) (Assuming the new drive is drive d:, substitute the drive letter if different) This will copy all files, sub-directories, hidden files and folder, keep the file attributes and continue on errors (when it hits the swap file). As the copied files fly by, take note, if possible, of files that did not copy. Once the copy is finished, make sure you have a Startup disk and shutdown.

8. Reverse the jumpers on both drives so the new drive is master and the old is slave or remove the old drive if you're replacing it with the new one and set the new drive to master. Reconnect your cdrom on the secondary IDE connector or where it originally was if you're replacing your hard drive with the new one.
Please note: This combination of device connection is by all means not written in stone and will depend on what other IDE devices you have (e.g. cdrw, dvd, cdrom...)

9. Power on the system and make sure BIOS recognizes both drives. You may have to enter your BIOS setup (<DEL> on most systems) to Auto-Detect the hard drive if the port is not set to AUTO. Make sure the new drive is the primary master.

10. Boot off the startup disk and at the A: prompt type 'fdisk' <ENTER> (no quotes) and make sure the new C: drive is set as an ACTIVE partition, if not use option 2 to set active, then exit FDISK. Then type 'sys c:' <ENTER> (no quotes) and then 'fdisk /mbr' <ENTER> (no quotes), reboot

11. If all the files (excluding the swap file) were copied over correctly you should be able to boot up Windows correctly and have all your data! Grin
If you noted files that did not copy over, excluding the swap file (Win386.swp), connect the old drive as slave, if you had it removed, and copy them over.

Sylvain Amyot

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